You should have your tyres and brakes regularly checked by a qualified mechanic and have the vehicle professionally serviced in accordance with manufacturer directions or at least annually / every 5,000 Kilometers.
PRE RIDING CHECKS
Prior to riding, perform a visual and operational check on your two wheeler. This will reduce the chance of a breakdown while riding on the road.
Consider using this pre-riding checklist prior to starting your journey:
- Is there enough fuel?
- Are tyre pressures ok? Look for punctures and damaged tyres
- Is the throttle and clutch working properly?
- Is steering smooth and the vehicle manoeuvrable?
- Is the headlight, taillight, turn signals and horn all working?
- Is the engine oil level correct?
- Is the lubrication, slack and alignment of the chain correct?
- Have you tested both front and rear brakes?
- Are mirrors adjusted? The tip of your shoulder should be seen in the lower edge of the mirror (do not adjust the mirrors while your vehicle is on its stand)
Use this weekly checklist to ensure your vehicle remains in good working order:
- Is tyre tread depth adequate? The wheels should be balanced and the alignment checked if the wear is uneven
- Have you checked for bulges, cracks, cuts and scrapes on your tyres, which could cause a blowout?
- Is air pressure correct? Many blowouts are the result of low air pressure
- Are there any loose spokes or cracks in the rim or either wheel?
- Have you inspected all controls? Look for kinks or broken strands in cables
- Have you oiled the chain and checked for worn teeth?
- Have you looked for any loose or missing nuts, bolts and pins? Ensure you tighten or replace these as soon as they are noticed. If you keep your bike clean it is easier to spot the missing parts
- Are brakes working correctly? If the wheel does not lock or if you hear a scraping sound when you are trying to stop, have the brakes checked
- Are fluid levels correct? Refill where necessary i.e. coolant, clutch fluid, brake fluid and engine oil
Check tyre pressure in accordance with manufacturer recommendations, or at least once a month, and in the event of the following:
- Making a long trip
- Significant change in temperature
- When your vehicle has been left standing (out of use) for a period in excess of two weeks
- An impact e.g. hitting a kerb or object
- Ensure your tyres are replaced in accordance with local regulations, or manufacturer recommendations, whichever occurs first. Quality tyres are recommended as these will often last longer than a cheaper, less reputable brand
- Maintaining proper tyre pressure will help to increase fuel efficiency and safety